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District 22’s birth history
Daily population growth and economical extensive developments and … have great reflection in physical changes of Tehran, and one of its results is the formation of District 22, which whit any doubt was the greatest and vastest urban development linked to Tehran. With approximately 10000 Hectares area, this region has been created for resolve definition of western areas of Tehran and also displacing the people who live in central Tehran’s worn-out regions and accommodation parts of Tehran city’s population.
In the last 30 years, District 22 of Tehran covered special construction activities of planning and implementation and since frothy decade, construction of this area came to Tehran practitioners and manufacturer’s attention. The original owners of these lands were Farmanfarmayan and Firouzgar family.
After approval of comprehensive plan of Tehran, this area has been define as a new city and named Kan New City, and it’s domain has been designed by Farmanfarmayan Consulting Engineers and Partners.
From 1340 to 1358 approximately 20% of these territories has been breakdown and found partial owners and the rest of the lands was divided into large pieces (1000 meters). After the victory of Islamic Revolution, Farmanfarmayan and Firouzgar were nationalized and some of them were assigned to the Urban Land Organization and 500 hectares of them announced as endowment by Ayatollah Mola Ali Kani who was the owner of these lands since Qajar era.
During the war between Iran and Iraq, because of easy accessing, 25% of lands of this area was used by military organizations for construction, and in some part of these area housing cooperatives began to make settlements. When Authorities confronted with problems of the city and concluded that it is possible to convert this part of city to an area consistent with the patterns of urbanization, and according to the possibility of Tehran city extension in District 22, which was has been foreseen in the Comprehensive plan of Tehran, Municipality of Tehran decided to add the North-West lands of Tehran into the services area of the city, so in 1370 and according to the recommendation of High Council of Urban, the Master plan of District 22 was put on the Bavand Company agenda, with aiming of restoring the lost concepts such as identity, legibility of orientation and positioning for perfect urban spaces. In 1373, studies made by Bavand Company were approved as the Master Plan of District 22. After the approval of master plan, its implementation was faced by various issues, which according to the actual necessity was reviewed by Bavand and Arman Shahr Company again, and the new master plan was approved by Section 5 Commission, and finally after years of effort and study, the Master Plan of District 22 was delivered by Section 5 Commission in 1379/06/08, and Municipality of District22 was officially activated.
From 6200 hectares of this area, 1365 hectares belong to green area and park, 62 hectares belong to educational spaces, 168 hectares belong to higher education, 238 hectares belong to services, 327 hectares belong to sport spaces, 355 hectares belong to lake, and 162 hectares are residential. Residential density divided in three categories which are Low density (100 units per hectare), Medium density (135 units per hectare) and High density (200 units per hectare).